History: February 11, 2019

1945
The Yalta Conference ends, concluding war strategy discussion between the US, Britain, and Soviet Union.
The heads of state for each country were on hand for the week of meetings, though nothing definitive for ending the war came out of the Conference.
But they did lay the foundation for the creation of the United Nations — another think tank would convene in San Francisco in April to continue that discussion.
When Roosevelt returned stateside to address Congress, he called Yalta a turning point in war efforts, at least in terms of the future of German and war-torn Europe.
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1970
Japan becomes the fourth country to send a manmade object into space.
The Ohsumi satellite was successfully launched into orbit. It weighed only 52 pounds and remained in orbit until 2003. It offered no additional scientific value other than making it into orbit.
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1979
The Ayatollah Khomeini solidifies his power in Iran.
Beginning February 1st of that year, the Ayatollah returned to Iran after the departure of the Shah following the revolution.
Over 10 days, the Iranian military defected to follow the new government under the Ayatollah. On this date in 1979, the Supreme Military Council officially threw in with the revolution, cementing Ayatollah Khomeini as the new leader of Iran.
Since then, every year, the federal government of Iran sponsors positive demonstrations around the country to commemorate the revolution.
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2013
Pope Benedict XVI announces his retirement from the papacy, effective at the end of the month.
Usually, the head of the church stays in power until his death. Benedict acknowledged that he did not have the emotional or physical capacity to execute his duties.
The College of Cardinals would elect Pope Francis the following month.
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