The first governing document of the new American colonies is signed.
The “Fundamental Orders” governed the towns of Wethersfield, Windsor, and Hartford, Connecticut. Its principle was to emphasize the well-being of the collective over the individuals who composed it.
It also clearly stated that the foundation of authority is in the free consent of the people. It was the first established governing document to even hint at such a philosophy.
Many elements of the Fundamental Orders would remain in effect in Connecticut into the 1800s.
The Continental Congress ratifies the Treaty of Paris.
The agreement formally ended the Revolutionary War and put the United States on the map as a legitimate and sovereign state.
Other provisos included details on American rights to fishing territory off the coast of Canada and the formal end to persecution of loyalists to the British crown.
A bill hits the floor of Congress for discussion that would permanently protect slavery in all states through an amendment.
It was a last-ditch effort to keep Southern states from formally seceding from the Union.
Just like today’s Republicans, those of 1860 were giving Democrats everything they wanted in an effort to appease them, and in the lame hope the opposition might start seeing things their way.
The bill failed as states continued to secede. War would follow the next year.
President Franklin Roosevelt becomes the first president to travel by airplane on official state business.
The president was on board a Boeing 314 en route to North Africa for a summit with Winston Churchill to discuss war strategy. This route was deemed safer than travel by boat, especially with the increasingly dangerous German U-Boats patrolling the Atlantic.
Still, the trip was made in complete secret. It began in Florida, landed in the Caribbean, then to Brazil, then across the Atlantic Ocean.
Joe DiMaggio and Marilyn Monroe get married.
The baseball star and glamorous Hollywood icon got married in San Francisco City Hall. The Happy Couple were celebrated for their high-level and publicly visible marriage, but the married bliss didn’t last long.
They would divorce just 274 days later. After some time apart, they remained good friends until Monroe’s death in 1962. DiMaggio helped put together her funeral.
The Miami Dolphins beat the Redskins in the Super Bowl, and become the first NFL team to complete an undefeated seasons.
The Bears posted perfect seasons in 1934 and 1942, but lost in the playoffs. The 2007 New England Patriots would go on to win all the marbles again.