History: November 19


President Lincoln dedicates the military cemetery at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.

Just shy of 300 words, the famous address memorialized those who had died in battle, and why the Union must fight to preserve itself.

Four months earlier, more than 45,000 were killed, injured, captured or missing following three days of bloody fighting. With the subsequent Union victory, Lee was forced to retreat, and never again made a significant punch into Union territory.

On the day of the speech, the crowd that had gathered first heard a two hour speech from Edward Everett, a politician and diplomat.

Only one photo is known to exist of Lincoln at the the dedication. Since his speech was so short, photographers didn’t have ample time to set up.



President Reagan meets with Mikhail Gorbachev in Geneva, Switzerland.

The encounter marked their first summit as leaders, and the first between the American and Soviet leader in more than 8 years.

While no significant policy emerged from the discussion, the men quickly struck up a personal friendship that endured as the Soviet Union eventually collapsed.



The longest bridge to span ice-covered water in the world is completed, in Canada.

The Confederation Bridge spans just over 8 miles, supported by piers 250 meteres apart. It would open to the public the following May, after extensive testing and maintenance.

The bridge is not a straight shot across water. Instead it is curved, helping drivers to see traffic ahead of them.



Kenneth Starr first presents his case against Bill Clinton to the House Judiciary Committee.

The presentation Was the beginning of the end of a $45 million investigation into accusations that the President lied about real estate investments, and expanded into his affair in the White House.

Bill Clinton was eventually acquitted by the Senate.



Santa Barbara County police issue an arrest warrant for Michael Jackson.

It followed an accusation of child molestation against the pop icon, who was increasingly becoming a public freakshow in tabloids and the blabbersphere. His image wasn’t helped by a documentary by Martin Bashir, whose crew had unprecedented and tremendous access to Jackson and his family. Jackson’s admission on camera to sleeping in bed with other children triggered the investigation into his illicit behavior.

In early 2005 his case went to trial, and Jackson was subsequently acquitted. Following the trial, Jackson and his family moved to Bahrain. He returned in 2006.